Rome has thrived for centuries now, proudly boasting its rich culture and history. Almost everyone who visits this archaic city is bewitched by the primitive architecture and compelling history. A few buildings were built thousands of years ago, and it is impressive to see them still stand intact. The approach taken to preserve these buildings is simply remarkable. If you are really into art and architecture, we advise you to take a trip to Rome on your next holiday.
The historical experience that Rome has to offer can be mainly accredited to its ancient buildings and the profound architecture they display. To gain that experience, we recommend visiting the following landmarks that are undoubtedly brilliant.
The Roman Forum is located in the center of Rome and is composed of ancient ruins of political, administrative, and religious buildings. It is surrounded by the Palatine and Capitoline Hills. The plaza was the main meeting space for the city, with markets, temples, courts, and other administrative buildings located within. Exploring the ruins which are almost 900 years old, you can take a panoramic view of the breathtaking scenery as you go up the Palatine Hill. A lot of notable historical structures stand within the forum, the Temple of Saturn being one of them.
The Colosseum is a widely known structure around the globe, and some associate with its image when they speak of Rome. Standing intact since 80 A.D., this monumental structure was known to be the largest amphitheater. Hosting several gladiator and animal fights, this mega-structure could hold more than 50,000 spectators at a time. The underground tunnels and channels inflate eagerness and raise questions about how the entire setting functioned in those days. Since the Colosseum is the top attraction in Rome, guides suggest buying tickets online. By doing so, you do not have to wait for hours to get in. A combo ticket of the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill, and Colosseum can ease your visiting experience because they are within reach of each other.
Reckoned to be prevailing between the 1st century BC and the 9th century BC, the emperors and other important aristocrats lived on the Palatine Hill along with their families, making it a regal landmark to date. In fact, the word ‘palace’ is derived from Palatine, displaying its significance and impact. Once considered inhabitable, this spot was rapidly converted into a royal setting with religious and political activities held earnestly. Two of the famous emperor residences were located on the Palatine Hill, which are DomusFlavia and DomusAugustana.
Considered to be an architectural marvel due to its bewildering symmetry and volumetric proportions, the Pantheon is the best-preserved structure in Rome among others. It is an epitome of the remarkable Roman artisanship and architectural brilliance. Standing unscathed for almost 2000 years now, the Pantheon has been a curious case of many artistic and architectural studies due to the unending columns and the distinguished domical design. Although there is no entrance fee, you can hire an audio guide to learn more about this splendid work of art and craftsmanship.
This spot is famous among lovers and newly wedded couples due to the myth that is associated with it. The Trevi Fountain has existed since 1726 and flaunts beautiful Baroque elements and carvings. It is believed that throwing a coin into the Trevi fountain can assure your return to Rome, throwing two coins would fetch you true love, and throwing three coins would ensure your wedding soon. The main sculpture over the fountain represents the sea god Oceanus, also called Neptune. The Trevi Fountain is a popular spot among tourists, and thus you would find it crowded almost all the time.
Another famous meeting spot for tourists and locals alike, the Spanish steps follow Baroque styled carvings and decorations with floral ornamentation. It overlooks the Barcaccia fountain, which was designed by Pietro Bernini. This location is bustling with people who are taking a break or simply relaxing on the steps. The Spanish steps are named after Piazza Di Spagna, which is a plaza just in its vicinity.
The Vatican City is the smallest country in the world and easily accessible from Rome. A giant plaza, St. Peter’s Square, serves as the entrance to the Vatican. It is a huge circular court that can hold thousands of people at once during religious callings or announcements by the Pope. Huge columns serve around the circumference, enhancing the symmetrical composition.
Overlooking St. Peter’s Square is St. Peter’s Basilica, which is considered as a religious expedition by millions of devotees every year. It is also considered important due to its noteworthy architectural styles, with a combined work of Michelangelo, Bramante, Maderno, and Bernini, signifying its splendor. You can climb around 500 steps or take an elevator to get on top of the church dome to get a scenic view of the city.
Vatican City also accommodates popular museums and artifacts of cultural importance. Even though it is extremely difficult to cover everything in a day, you should not miss out on the most significant fragments such as Saint Jerome by Leonardo Da Vinci, or the frescoed ceiling painting in the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo.
If you are planning on visiting, we suggest taking a day or two extra to visit Vatican City as it demands its own time.
The Baths of Caracalla
These baths were a social and leisure gathering by Romanians in the past. They date back to the year 216 and could house around 1600 people at a time. Apart from baths, people used to engage themselves in saunas, sports, dressers, libraries, and even shopping. The signature mosaic style that is still unblemished in some spots adds to its identity. During peak season, ballet shows and opera are held at this complex.
Rome is unquestionably soaked in historical richness which is unparalleled to any other location in this world. Simply walking around the city can give you glimpses of ancient symbolism. If you consider yourself a yesteryear freak, Rome should be number one on your bucket list.