Owing to the trade links through the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, many of the countries in Northern Europe have historically established capital cities based around ports and busy waterways. This infrastructure has lent itself perfectly to forming beautiful and awe-inspiring cities mixing natural formations and evolving cultures.
With a history stretching back almost 1,000 years, the capital of Norway has long been an epicentre of global shipping and overseas trade. Many of the World’s biggest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers reside in Oslo. Ranked as a Global City due to its significant in the global economic system, Oslo hosts a range of museums, galleries and musical events that attract tourists from all around the World every year.
What you must do: The Holmenkollen Ski Museum & Tower pays testament to one of the country’s proudest sporting traditions.
A large university town with remarkable architecture, the capital of Denmark has become something of a sophisticated party town for the Danish and tourists from abroad.
Copenhagen was originally a Viking fishing village but has developed into one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe. Tourism in Copenhagen is growing ever more popular with increasing visitor numbers year on year. Chinese tourism in particular is growing speedily with tourists prepared to travel the length of the World to visit Copenhagen.
What you must do: Denmark’s most famous tourist attraction, The Little Mermaid Statue in Copenhagen attracts millions of visitors every year.
The capital of Estonia is a beautiful mix of old meets new with the Old Town and modern Downtown merging seamlessly with one another, demonstrating the ancient values of the city and the cultural development. A report by the Daily Mail called Tallinn one of the World’s seven smartest counties due to its diversified economy and information technology developments. More than 520,000 cruise passengers pass through Tallinn Passenger Port every year.
What you must do: Visit the Tallinn Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and enjoy the simplistic beauty of the ancient city.
Russia’s second city, St Petersburg is one of the World’s most culturally significant and interesting cities with hundreds’ of years’ worth of illustrious history. Named for Peter the Great, the city was built so Russia could have World-beating port facilities. St Petersburg has moonlighted as Russia’s capital in the past at the behest of Peter the Great. Tourism is so important to St Petersburg that even during the financial instability of the 1990s, none of the 221 museums or 80 theatres were closed.
What you must do: Palace Square, comprising Winter Palace, Alexander Column and the General Staff Building, at night demonstrates the beauty and power of the city.
The capital city of Finland is one of the World’s most forward thinking societies bringing forward technological developments amongst its population. Helsinki was ranked the most liveable city in the World by Monocle Magazine in 2011. With two-full sized symphony orchestras and a litany of arts festivals, Helsinki is the perfect place to take in a touch of culture.
What you must do: The Temppeliaukio Church is built into a rock side with a fitted glazed dome offering a unique atmosphere.